The Cyber Security Assessment Netherlands (CSAN) provides insight into threats, interests and resilience in relation to cyber security and the effect these factors have on national security. The CSAN is published annually by the National Coordinator for Security and Counterterrorism and is written in cooperation with public and private partners.

Most critical processes and services are completely dependent on ICT. As a result of the near total disappearance of analogue alternatives and the absence of fallback options, dependence on digitised processes and systems has increased to such an extent that any impairment to these systems and processes can cause socially disruptive damage.

Critical processes are highly dependent on the power grid and data communication, so any disruption or failure of such services can quickly impact a number of critical processes, within just a few hours even. The scale of the threat and the fact that resilience is lagging creates risks for national security.

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