The Cyber Security Assessment Netherlands (CSAN) 2018 offers insight into threats, interests and resilience, as well as related developments in the field of cybersecurity, relevant for national security.
The CSAN is an annual publication of the National Coordinator for Security and Counterterrorism. The CSAN is compiled in collaboration with the National Cyber Security Center (NCSC), the Dutch intelligence agencies and with cooperation of the business community, government bodies and academia.
CSAN 2018 shows the scope and severity of digital threats facing the Netherlands are still considerable and continue to evolve. National security remains under constant threat of digital attacks. The Dutch economy and broader Dutch society have become entirely dependent on digital resources. Attacks and outages can have major consequences, potentially disrupting society itself.
Digital threat is permanent
Cyber attacks are profitable, simple to execute and involve little risk for attackers. In light of recent geopolitical developments, state actors are expected to continue using such digital attacks and may even opt to do so on a greater scale. However, we are also seeing another development whereby attackers fail to anticipate, or accept, the unintended consequences of their actions on other countries that do not constitute their primary target. The most familiar case in this respect is NotPetya, an attack that also inflicted unintended financial damage on Dutch companies.