To reduce the risk of an attack and the damages due to the attack, access to means that terrorists could use to prepare an attack are being restricted.
These activities can be identified under three categories:
- Coordinating and supporting cooperating organisations in the execution of their duty.
- Drafting legislation.
- Increasing and sharing knowledge, expertise and innovation.
State of affairs
Home-made explosives are a frequently-used weapon for terrorists and other criminals. This is due to the many raw materials that are relatively free in circulation. The availability of these materials is restricted by EU Decision 98/2013 as well as by additional Dutch legislation. Consequently, companies must report all suspicious transactions, disappearances and theft to the government (Reporting Suspicious Transaction Chemicals).
Firearms are also frequently used for attacks. Sharing information, investigating and gathering intelligence about the (attempts at) acquisition of means with which to execute attacks will be intensified.
The NCTV also considers the likelihood of a terrorist attack using chemical, biological, radiological and / or nuclear means, possibly in combination with explosives (CBRN/E). In actual practice, however, such a large-scale CBRN/E -attack is not very probable. Making a CBRN/E weapon is a highly complex technical matter and it is usually not easy to come by such means.
Modus operandi, however, can change. This is why ongoing research will be done in existing and new means and methods of attack and possible additionally required measures will be explored.